The second Transnational Educational Initiative (TEI) Summer Camp will be organized by the University of Bologna in the summer of 2020. Due to the COVID-19 outbreak, this year’s TEI program will be changed to an online format. Students from member universities of the Global Alliance of Medical Excellence (GAME) were invited to join the program to address answers of the following questions:
What are the possible uses of artificial intelligence in medicine?
How can I apply artificial intelligence to my learning?
What are the ethical issues in using artificial intelligence?
THEME: Artificial intelligence in Medicine and Medical Education: Hype or Hope?
DATE: 20 July 2020 (Monday) to 22 July 2020 (Wednesday)
HOST UNIVERSITY: University of Bologna, Italy
Upon completing the course, participants will be able to:
Identify areas where artificial intelligence is already used in medicine and predict its future usage in medical practice, also as a tool to develop one’s own career
Discuss how to apply artificial intelligence to one’s own medical learning and training
Critically appraise present dilemmas and uncertainties through ethical thinking
The long-term goal of this Summer School is to create a network of motivated medical students and teachers within the GAME Alliance to promote ethical thinking and application of AI in everyday medical practice and medical learning. Thus, AI may become an invaluable opportunity to future doctors.
Throughout history, technology has always characterized the human species towards the creation of a techno-human environment where human beings and machines work together. Today, because of the growing importance and pervasiveness of artificial intelligence (AI), entirely new questions arise on this techno-human interaction. For AI proponents, it is more important than ever to frame human-machine relationships in a way that puts humans first and benefits people. This requires ethical thinking.
This Summer Camp will gather motivated students with some experience in any form of AI to discuss the current and future uses of artificial intelligence in medicine, from diagnosis and imaging to designing new treatments and disease monitoring, taking advantage of an international panel of teachers. Another key aspect will be to share experiences on new applications of AI to medical learning.
Students and teachers sharing their current experience with AI will learn a new method of dealing with uncertainty in medicine and will have a unique opportunity to shape their mission as physicians in the new techno-human world.
Pre-program courses (8th June to 17th July)
Mixer on Saturday 18th July 8-9am CEST for all program participants and faculty to meet each other
Interactive small group discussions led by students and facilitated by faculty
Special lectures and sharing by faculty members from the University of Bologna and other GAME Universities
The program will run from Monday 20th July to Wednesday 22nd July and will require live attendance from students
46 motivated students selected from the Medical Faculties of the 9 GAME Universities
Fees: Free of charge
The University of Bologna (host of the program of the Summer School) will issue a certificate of attendance to participating students
The pre-program will run from Monday 8th June to Friday 17th July and will consist of a series of online lectures and interactive sessions which cover the principles of medical AI, ethical and policy considerations and include guest lectures from GAME-TEI Professor. For the pre-program, students will participate in one of two streams, the “Foundations of medical AI” stream or the “Advanced medical AI” stream. The foundation stream is more suitable for students who intend to occasionally use medical AI for diagnosis and treatment within the clinical setting. The advanced stream is more suitable for students who intend to lead medical AI research or
PRE-PROGRAM SYLLABUS (SUBJECT TO CHANGE)
ONLINE SUMMER SCHOOL
During the summer school, students will work together to prepare a proposal and presentation on either a medical AI application or medical AI policy. Two programs will run in parallel, one for European group and one for Asia-Pacific group. The times stated below are for UTC+0200 (European group) and UTC+0900 (Asia-Pacific group).
UNIVERSITY OF BOLOGNA
History: 1088 is recognized as the year when free teaching began in Bologna, independently from the ecclesiastic schools. This makes the University of Bologna the oldest European University. In the following centuries, its fame spread throughout Europe and many foreign scholars came to study in Bologna, including Thomas Becket, Erasmus of Rotterdam and Nicolaus Copernicus. The 17th century was a key period for medicine in Bologna: it coincides with the teaching of Marcello Malpighi, who was called to Bologna as a lecturer in the theory of extraordinary medicine, passing to ordinary medicine in 1660. The University of Bologna admitted women teachers right from the 12th century. The opening to female scholars became clear in the 18th century: the new ideas of Enlightenment were changing old prejudices as Europe was debating the issue of women's culture. Among the most famous women, we may remember Laura Bassi (physics), Maria Gaetana Agnesi (mathematics) and Anna Morandi (anatomist, one of the pre-eminent creators of accurate wax models of tissues and organs). In the 18th century, the University fostered scientific and technological developments: Luigi Galvani was one of the founders of modern electrotechnical studies.
Present: over the last few decades, all teaching and training systems in Europe and elsewhere have initiated a reform and innovation process in order to adapt to increasingly complex changes in society and to address the major challenge of raising the educational levels of citizens. This started in 1999 with the so-called Bologna Process, aimed at ensuring comparability in the standards and quality of higher-education qualifications: the ministers from 29 European countries met in Bologna to sign an important agreement, the Declaration of Bologna, which marked the official start of this process. The main objective of the Bologna Process is to create a European Higher Education Area and promote the European higher-education system around the world, to increase international competitiveness. Today, the Bologna Process has grown to include the much larger European Higher Education Area (EHEA) with 48 European countries plus the European Commission and numerous consultative members and partners.
Focus on students: students are the focus of the teaching and learning projects of the University of Bologna and are the main players in learning processes. Students are not seen as users, but as people who build and co-build their own curriculum of studies and learning. Learning is not limited to the disciplines covered by the degree programme, but also involves acquiring strategic and transferable skills and knowledge: this is of crucial importance for developing one’s own potential and the resources to build future career opportunities.
Within this framework, the Summer Camp on “Artificial Intelligence in Medicine and Medical Education: Hype or Hope?” aims at creating a network of motivated medical students and teachers within the GAME Alliance to promote ethical thinking and application of AI in everyday medical practice and medical learning.
Professor Pietro Cortelli, Dean of the School of Medicine, University of Bologna
Official website: https://www.unibo.it/en/homepage
CITY OF BOLOGNA: PAST AND FUTURE WITHIN REACH
The city of Bologna preserves the traces of past civilisations and the character of medieval splendour. Avidly visited by the Romantic writers and celebrated for the arts and culinary excellence, Bologna is animated by a cosmopolitan culture enriched by the presence of the University.
Beneath the cellars of many old Bolognese houses dating from the medieval period, the foundations of the Roman city, dating back to the second century BC are found. In some houses, the traces of even earlier habitations dating from the Iron Age may be discovered. In the sixth century BC, Bologna was one of the most important Etruscan cities of the Po valley area and was known as Felsina. In the third century BC, the Romans came to the city and changed its name to Bononia.
Bologna is unusual for the consistency of the urban structure within its medieval walls, which were built in the fourteenth century. This urban structure is still intact and dominates, even visually, the single architectural works of art. In Florence and in Rome, the individual buildings are more important than the layout of the cities, whereas in Bologna the reverse is true. Here, even the most beautiful Renaissance and Baroque palaces are part of the medieval city plan, which extends like the spokes of a wheel from the heart of the city (marked by the two leaning towers, Asinelli and Garisenda). Apart from the medieval towers, we should mention the complex of five churches called Santo Stefano and the imposing basilica of San Petronio, which dominates the main square of the city, where the medieval and Renaissance Town Hall is also to be seen. Despite the demolition carried out in the nineteenth century and the destruction caused during the last world war, the urban structure of Bologna has maintained both its integrity and its charm.